Liquid film

One can model liquid wall film using integral boundary layer type equations. With the help of boundary layer assumption and integral method, the three-dimensional Navier-Stokes equations can be reduced to two-dimensional equations defined on the wall boundary.

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For the calculation of the shear stress terms and the convection correction tensor a prescribed velocity profile is used. The film pressure is assumed to be constant over the film height depends on the gas pressure , the capillary pressure and the droplet impact pressure.

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The film is coupled with the gas phase by the gas pressure and the shear force acting on the film surface . If a droplet impinges on the film, its mass and its momentum are transferred to the film.

wavy film

film separation on a sharp edge